Did you know that when your five-month-old baby brought his feet to his hands or mouth that he was actually starting all the preparation for walking? Or when your eight-month-old baby was crawling, she was strengthening her shoulders, hands, and core, and developing depth perception that she would later need for handwriting. Or when your two-month-old baby started smiling at you, he was starting to develop his social engagement and communication skills.
These initial skills are the foundation for each child’s gross and fine motor learning and development. Gross motor skills involve the movement and coordination of the arms, legs, and other large body parts. They include actions such as running, crawling and swimming. Fine motor skills involve smaller movements that occur in the wrists, hands, fingers, feet, and toes.
It is amazing to watch toddlers continue to develop between their first and second year because their bodies are finally learning how to work together. You will see their balance, independence, and ability to communicate develop rapidly.
Below you will find a checklist of skills that will start to emerge after your child has started walking. It is important to remember that all children develop at their own rate. This is just a guide on what to expect.
If you have any concerns about your child’s development, reach out to your primary care physician or contact Brooks Rehabilitation for a free developmental screening. The physical therapist, occupational therapist and speech therapist can offer suggestions and help to assess any underlying reasons for the developmental concerns you may have. Contact us today at 904-907-8612.
Fine motor delays (dressing, handwriting, play skills), sensory processing; delays due to other conditions (cerebral palsy, autism, etc); rehabilitation post brain injury and stroke; poor visual-motor coordination, visual discrimination, poor handwriting (legibility, dysgraphia, dyslexia)
Speech delays (language and articulation); delays due to other conditions (autism, cerebral palsy, etc); feeding disorders (poor tolerance to progression of food stages, difficulty feeding as a baby); fluency (stuttering); apraxia of speech; reading disorders; pragmatics (social skills); AAC devices (augmentative and alternative communication)
NICU follow-ups; premature babies; torticollis; developmental delays; neurological conditions such as stroke, brain injury, cerebral palsy, spina bifida; orthopedic conditions including post-surgical management; concussion management; genetic conditions such as Down syndrome, spinal muscular atrophy, Prader Willi syndrome; autism
Durable medical equipment (standers, gait trainers, wheelchairs)
Pediatric recreation programs
Free classes such as “Mommy and Me”